Luxury beyond Death


Luxury beyond Death (2018)

The series portrays the paper offerings that are burnt for the deceased on their death anniversary in Vietnam. This funeral ritual is widely practiced in Asia including China, Taiwan and Singapore.

Besides Joss Paper, which is the most popular offering and the official currency for the afterlife, believers of traditional Vietnamese religion burn various kinds of paper effigies – all necessities that a typical middle-class earner would own: houses, perfume, credit cards, watches and clothes that are often superimposed with luxury brand names.

This ritual is based on the ideology of continuing lives with materialistic desire in the afterlife. By burning paper effigies the portrayed material goods are transferred to the underworld in order to provide the dead.

Attaching such great importance to prosperity, this tradition provokes the following question: With ghost money lacking purpose to the living and billions of dollars turning into mere waste when we die – what is truly valuable in life?


この世で「本物の」通貨はあの世では紙切れにすぎず、 冥土の紙幣はこちらでは用を為さない。生きていれば億万の価値も死ぬ時にはゴミに等しいのならば、本当の価値はどこに存在するのか?